Last edited by Moramar
Thursday, April 30, 2020 | History

2 edition of Cybernetics and its development in the Soviet Union found in the catalog.

Cybernetics and its development in the Soviet Union

Roger Eli Levien

Cybernetics and its development in the Soviet Union

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  • 23 Currently reading

Published by Rand Corp. in Santa Monica, Calif .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cybernetics.

  • Edition Notes

    Statement[by] Roger Levien and M. E. Maron.
    SeriesRand Corporation. Memorandum, RM-4156-PR
    ContributionsMaron, M. E.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQ180.A1 R36 no. 4156
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvi, 35 p.
    Number of Pages35
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5939429M
    LC Control Number65009358
    OCLC/WorldCa2008028

    Cybernetics: | |Cybernetics| is a |transdisciplinary||[1]| approach for exploring regulatory |syste World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest.


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Cybernetics and its development in the Soviet Union by Roger Eli Levien Download PDF EPUB FB2

"Cybernetics was among the most important intellectual movements of the midth century. Nowhere was its curious blend of mathematical technique, ideology, information technology, and postmodern scientific universalism more controversial, or more interesting, than in the Soviet Union during the early Cold by: B ySoviet cybernetics had spent three years in the doghouse.

Its fortunes finally began to turn when, in March of that year, Stalin died, and when the Soviet Union tested its Cybernetics and its development in the Soviet Union book thermonuclear device five months later (the United States had tested theirs two years before).Author: Slava Gerovitch.

An introduction to the subject of cybernetics, with special reference to its origins and growth in the U.S. and its subsequent development in the USSR.

It should be of interest primarily to a non-scientific audience with enough background to appreciate the potential impact of cybernetics on science and : Roger Eli Levien, M. Maron. Gerovitch's book "offers a scientifically-informed, sociologically-acute and politically-savvy account of cybernetics in the Soviet Union in the post war era, but also moves beyond to an impressive comparison with developments in the United States," wrote the Prize committee in its citation.

built on cybernetics with their notion of “auto-poiesis” in an organism (an idea similar to what we would today call emergence). Evaluation and Legacy Cybernetics, the book as well as the movement, articulated a vision of changing human/machine analogies which resonated with a broad audience.

Its ramifications in the United. Wiener, Cybernetics of Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, could appear in the Soviet Union in One year later W. Ashby's book, Introduction to Cybernetics, was also published in Moscow A complete and sudden change in the views on the significance of cybernetics in the USSR took place only at the end of the Cybernetics was defined by Norbert Wiener, in his book of that title, as the study of control and communication in the animal and the machine.

Stafford Beer called it the science of effective organization and Gordon Pask extended it to include information flows. The account is located in a cultural context of an ideologically-acceptable, growing interest in cybernetics in the Soviet Union at that time [1, 2].

It shares the story of a bioenergeticist and computer scientist, Anatolij Zelentsov [3], who met and worked with one of the Soviet Union’s most celebrated football coaches, Valerij Lobanovs. It appears impossible for anyone seriously interested in our civilization to ignore this book.

It is a must book for those in every branch of science in addition, economists, politicians, statesmen, and businessmen cannot afford to overlook cybernetics and its /5. This book is a comprehensive history of cybernetics in the Soviet Union from its inception as an ideologically unacceptable pseudo-science to its eventual acceptance as the status : Joselle Merritt.

Books with titles like Cybernetics is Anti-Religion and Information Theory and Religion also were published. "ECONOMIC CYBERNETICS" Sometime in the late s and early s, LaRouche first became aware of Soviet work in cybernetics especially once cybernetic ideas crossed over into the field of economic planning.

In effect, LaRouche was exposed to a Soviet version of the. Soviet Union as an information society, the history of Soviet cybernetics slouches in significant ways toward the normal patterns of Soviet history; the ordinariness of Soviet cybernetic history is both a part and a prod-uct of the exceptional promise associated with early cybernetics in.

After the Soviet Union’s leader Nikita Khrushchev denounced Stalin’s personality cult ina sense of possibility swept the country. Onto this scene entered a host of socialist projects to wire the national economy with networks, among them the first proposal anywhere in the world to create a national computer network for civilians.

book has not yet become available in the United States, it is not clear whether it describes work undertaken in the Soviet Union, or is based on a survey of U.S. literature. (From the abstra:t in Referativnyj shurnal--kibernetika, No. 11,Part G, No. of the book Problema optimaZ'nosti U teoretiche8koj kibernetike [File No.

R].)File Size: 3MB. Inspired by the new field of cybernetics — the study of information systems in nature, machines and human societies — Soviet economists began to reimagine the command economy as a reflexive.

Orginallänk: airpower - cybernetics Air University Review, March-April Cybernetics in the Service of Communism Colonel Raymond S. Sleeper The Spearhead for the spread of Communism was forged in the Soviet Union when Lenin seized power and began to use this philosophy as the rallying standard for achieving world Communist domination.

Cybernetics is a transdisciplinary approach for exploring regulatory systems (such as mechanical, physical, biological, cognitive, and social systems) their structures, constraints, and possibilities.

Cybernetics is applicable when a system being analyzed is involved in a closed signaling loop; that is, where action by the system generates some change in its environment and that.

Further detail about several aspects of cybernetics in the Soviet Union is contained in the documents listed in the bibliography at the end of this paper.

The section on the origins and development of cyber- netics was written by M. Maron; the section on cyber- netics in the Soviet Union was written by Roger Levien.

Consequently, the development in the USA and Western Europe is contrasted with the development in the Soviet Union, particularly with the crucial role of cybernetics in this region. Using the title How Not to Network a Nation: The Uneasy History of the Soviet Internet was in my opinion out of place.

The Internet was a construct that grew out of the arrogance of AT&T more than any uniqueness on the part of US technology. If AT&T had agreed to work with ARPA then this would have just been an extension of the monopoly network/5(10).

A bibliographical genealogy of cybernetics in the United States, France, Soviet Union, and Germany in the s and s, and of second-order cybernetics fromfollowed by a selected bibliography on its impact across the sciences. Cybernetics and Information Theory in the Soviet Union The evolution of Soviet attitudes toward cybernetics and information theory in many ways paralleled the French story, but with stronger accents: the initial Soviet rejection of cybernetics was more decisive, while the later embrace of this field proved more wide-spread and profound.

For example, if the actual behaviour of the Soviet Union was actually to execute central planning in the best way possible, it is more likely cybernetics would have won out. But because the objective was directed toward other things, such as power preservation, career building etc.

the changes did not work. In that book Wiener made reference to an article by the British physicist James Clerk Maxwell on governors and pointed out that the term governor is derived, via Latin, from the same Greek word that gives rise to cybernetics.

The date of Wiener’s publication is generally accepted as marking the birth of cybernetics as an independent science. Seven sets of translations in the area of Soviet cybernetics, together with commentary and analyses on the status of cybernetics in the Soviet Union, and the directions of Soviet cybernetics research.

This volume is concerned with general computer Cited by: 1. Cybernetics is one of the notable cases in which the growth of scientific knowledge has appeared to come into conflict with political authority in the Soviet Union. Although it is now a prominent area of research and discus-sion in the Soviet Union, cybernetics was condemned in the Soviet press in the early S as a reactionary pseudoscience.

International and transnational historiography has given us vivid glimpses of the development and impact of cybernetics on a national scale in such countries as the Soviet Union, Chile and, of course, in the US and Great Britain where the field initially began to coalesce.

Origins and Development of Systems Thinking in the Soviet Union: Political and Philosophical Controversies from Bogdanov and Bukharin to Present-Day Re-Evaluations (Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, ). Slava Gerovitch, From Newspeak to Cyberspeak: A History of Soviet Cybernetics (MIT Press, ), –9.

From newspeak to cyberspeak: a history of Soviet cybernetics / Slava Gerovitch. Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN (hard cover: alk. paper) 1. Cybernetics—Soviet Union—History. Title. QG47 '.5'—dc21 File Size: 1MB. Norbert Wiener passed away in Stockholm, Sweden at the age of He died on the 18 th of March, He won many prestigious awards and received many honors during his life, with the most notable being the Bocher Memorial Price (), the National Medal of Science () and the U.S.

National Book Award in Science, Philosophy and Religion based on his Reviews: 5. The development of cybernetics in the Soviet Union and other Marxist countries has recently [ (!!)] become a subject of considerable interest to scientists and - to a lesser degree - to politician in the United increasing number of reports and publications - some of them however only accessible to a limited circle of readers - testifies to this fact.

Suppressed research in the Soviet Union refers to scientific fields which were banned in the Soviet Union. All humanities and social sciences were additionally tested for strict accordance with historical tests were alleged to serve as a cover for political suppression of scientists who engaged in research labeled as "idealistic" or "bourgeois".

CYBERNETICS ••• Cybernetics, in its purest definition, is the science of control and communication in the animal and the machine. The word was devised by Norbert Wiener in the s and is derived from the Greek word kybernetes, meaning "steersman."In his book The Human Use of Human Beings (), Wiener wrote that "society can only be understood.

Cybernetics in the Soviet Union was initially considered a "pseudoscience" and "ideological weapon" of "imperialist reactionaries" (Soviet Philosophical Dictionary, ) and later criticised as a narrow form of cybernetics. In the mid to late s Viktor Glushkov and others salvaged the reputation of the field.

Soviet cybernetics incorporated. Chapter 1. Preamble. In the early 21st century, the wide use of the prefix cyber-has become the marker of the penetration of computer and information science, broadly conceived, into myriad facets of our lives.

This use of the term can be traced back to a single book, Norbert Wiener’s Cybernetics (Wiener,Wiener, ).I first read that book in earlyand my Cited by: 1. CYBERNETICS AND SOVIET JURISPRUDENCE DJANGnt A. KEMov* As the science encompassing the most general principles and optimum conditions for controlling different systems, cybernetics can be used in developing public law.

This idea has been made more explicit and substantiated in works by Soviet by: 2. History of Cybernetics and Systems Science Perhaps one of the best ways of seeing the strength and the impact of the systemic approach is to follow its birth and development in the lives of men and institutions.

The Search for New Tools We need new tools with which to approach organized complexity, interdependence, and regulation.

Wiener’s optimism about the development of computers and neuromechanical systems was tempered by his pessimism about their exploitation by authoritarian governments, such as the Soviet Union Author: Seth Lloyd.

The ARPANET breathed its first baby breaths in when the first host-to-host connection was made from UCLA to Stanford on October 29th. From there, landmark achievements would be made with tremendous help from American military and university money, including the development of email (invented in the early s) and the establishment of protocols that.

Science in Russia and the Soviet Union. This book is an excellent as an introductory chapter into the scientific culture of Russia. It begins with the development of science before theunder Imperial Russia, and it furthers the story on into the October Revolution and.

This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation.Keywords computers, ideology, military technology, Russia, Soviet Union 'Mathematical Machines' of the Cold War: Soviet Computing, American Cybernetics and Ideological Disputes in the Early s Slava Gerovitch In Marchresearchers of the Mathematical Institute of the Soviet Academy of Sciences in Moscow were preparing a comprehensive book.Cybernetics.

The study of communication and control within and between humans, machines, organizations, and society. This is a modern definition of the term cybernetics, which was first utilized by N. Wiener in to designate a broad subject area he defined as “control and communication in the animal and the machine.”.